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Architecture as a frame. Design of a flexible residential building in Wroclaw

11 of January '23

{tag:studenci}, a doctoral student at the Faculty of Architecture at Wrocław University of Technology, decided to look at the city four-dimensionally - taking time into account in the design process. Following the principles of the Open Building trend, she created a residential building, made of CLT wood construction. The proposed building could be built on Krzywa Street, in close proximity to PWr and form a complement to the urban layout.

Proponowany obiekt mógłby powstać przy ulicy Krzywej we Wrocławiu

The proposed building could be built on Krzywa Street in Wroclaw

© Marcelina Terelak

Marcelina Terelak's project titled. "Architecture as a frame" is a master's thesis, carried out under the direction of Dr. Magdalena Baborska-Narożny and Dr. Tomasz Głowacki.The topic on which the student focused was the introduction of the Open Building (OB) trend to the diverse urban fabric of Wroclaw, as a response to housing needs. The thesis was awarded the Grand Prize in the competition for the Best Graduate Master's Degree.

architektura jako rama Konstrukcja obiektu

The project was divided into the frame and its infill,and the structure of the building was made of wood CLT

© Marcelina Terelak

Open Building, that is?

TheOpen Building trend is one in which each element that makes up a building can be assigned to one of several layers. Each layer represents its own purpose and is associated with a specific lifetime. The goal of this movement is to propose a guiding structure and design principles that provide flexibility in function, program and appearance. Adaptable infill with independent layers makes it possible to modify building components and materials in different parts of the building and at multiple stages of use. My design is a look at the city not only in a three-dimensional context, but also a four-dimensional one that takes time into account. Frame and infill (Frame and infill ) is a flexible structure that organizes the interior of the quarter and allows the function to change over time, the author explains.

Proponowany obiekt jest uzupełnieniem kwartału Galerie stanowią główne trakty komunikacyjne

The most important function of the designed building is residential

© Marcelina Terelak

architecture as a frame

Usually, looking from the outside, we perceive architecture as permanent and unchangeable, but the daily experience of the users of specific buildings, shows something different. Their needs change, and inside the building there are further modifications. However, those buildings that cannot be transformed are usually demolished or fall into disrepair. Marcelina Terelak's goal is to move away from such practices and ensure the freedom to change the use of a building.

PZT Przekrój i detal elewacji

The project is an addition to the quarter on Krzywa Street

© Marcelina Terelak

By dividing the design process into two basic pillars - frame and infill - the author was able to apply the OB current. The frame consists of an analysis of the urban layout, the necessary infrastructure and the basic structure, while the infill consists of the facade and the internal layout of the premises, which are influenced by the residents or users of the space. According to the architect, this division makes it possible to adjust residential architecture in a more user-oriented direction. Such freedom of composition allows to ensure the comfort of the user, as well as to freely transform the building, adapting it to current requirements and needs.

Jedno z projektowanych mieszkań

The interior of the building can be freely transformed, tit one of the apartments

© Marcelina Terelak

complementing the quarter

The presented project, with its massing, connects the existing tenement houses and creates a complementary frontage for the quarter on Krzywa Street in Wroclaw. The first function the author placed in the building is residential. On the first floor level, however, there are services and recreational and co-working areas.

Jedna z opcji rzutu pierwszego piętra

one of the second floor plan options and apartments

© Marcelina Terelak

The building is designed with a wooden structure (CLT). The use of wood is also justified in the design of the gallery that constitutes the main communication routes. Thanks to demountable elements, it is possible to obtain a smaller or larger usable area depending on the function inside the building.


southern elevation of the building

© Marcelina Terelak

conscious design

The approach of creating a new urban fabric while taking into account its future adaptability is in line with the principles of sustainable design. The Open Building trend described above can be applied both to the design of individual buildings and entire neighborhoods.

Loggia projektowanego budynku

loggia of the designed building

© Marcelina Terelak

The primary goal of this movement is to combine the individual's freedom of choice and comfort in the working or living environment with the ecological integrity and sustainability of the investment. Conscious design of individual building elements ensures longevity and continuity over the life of the building, thanks to its ability to adapt and respond to changing social and technical requirements, concludes Marcelina Terelak.

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